Objects - Furniture

The furniture collection represents a range of styles, economic levels, and stories. It includes seating, case furniture, and other wooden decorative wares.

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Bookstand
Name/Title
Bookstand
Entry/Object ID
2003.67
Description
Wooden book stand with three legs. The legs are plainly formed, with rounded feet. The center post is turned and inscribed with a ring about halfway up. The top of the stand is a rectangle tilted at a 45° angle. At the bottom edge is a wooden protrusion for holding a book, now mostly broken off. There is a small, round disk attached with a metal rod to the right side of the stand for holding a candle.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2003.67
Acquisition Method
Found in Collection
Lexicon
Bookstand,Stand, Floor,Support Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1960.117
Description
Rectangular wooden box with nailed corner joints that hinges open at the center. The box opens to reveal to covered halves, each with their own locks. One side is labeled "Grand Jury" and the other is labeled "Standing Jury." The covers open up to small pigeon holes labeled with the names of towns and villages. In one half, the pigeon holes are filled with square pieces of a paper typed with the names of jurors. In the other half, the papers are contained within a paper envelope placed in the center of the pigeon holes.
Context
Used to determine jury members in Essex County, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.117
Source or Donor
Vermont Public Records Commission of Essex County
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Essex County
Candlestand
Interpretative Labels
Stand, 1760-1800 Maple Gift of Allyn and Charles Scott, #1948.4 In the fall of 1774, the men of Chester were asked to express their opinions about the actions of the British parliament. They met at the home of Jonathan Tarbell on October 10, 1774, and resolved to oppose those actions. They declared they would disobey and fight a government that didn’t protect their rights. These resolutions were copied into Chester’s Book of Town Records on September 2, 1776. Family legend states that, "to reaffirm their earlier declarations, forty-two men signed the record book as it sat on this table." After that, people referred to the Tarbell house as Chester’s Independence Hall.
Name/Title
Candlestand
Entry/Object ID
1948.4
Description
Candlestand with a round top and three slipper feet. The central post has vasiform turning in the Queen Anne style.
Use
Used by Lt. Jonathan Tarbell in his Chester home, referred to as Chester's "Independence Hall."
Context
Used by Lieutenant Jonathan Tarbell at his home in Chester, Vermont. Tarbell's home was colloquially known as Chester's "Independence Hall", and according to family history, this stand held the Chester Record Book that had signed resolutions by town leaders to break from Great Britain.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1948.4
Source or Donor
Scott, Allyn Ross & Charles Henry
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1760-1800
Lexicon
Candlestand,Table,Candleholder,Support Furniture,Lighting Holders,Furniture,Lighting Equipment,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Tarbell, Jonathan
Chester
American Revolutionary War
Candlestand
Name/Title
Candlestand
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.178
Description
Tilt top candlestand with octagonal top. The stand has three legs that come together in the center. The center stem is turned in the shape of a vase.
Context
Owned by Betsy Park Proctor, the mother of Governor Redfield Proctor.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Candlestand,Candleholder,Lighting Holders,Lighting Equipment,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Proctor, Betsy Parker (1792-1871)
Carving Pattern
Name/Title
Carving Pattern
Entry/Object ID
1966.15.57
Description
Wooden board with decorative ivy designs cut from paper pasted onto one side. One design is a symmetrical medallion that appears to have been cut from a letter. Portions of the design have been cut into the board. The other design is a border element cut from wallpaper.
Use
Likely an unfinished pattern for carving tombstones.
Context
Made in Northfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.15
Source or Donor
Loomis, Henry
Loomis, Gladys
Acquisition Method
Made or Created
Northfield
Lexicon
Carving,Sculpture,Art,Category 08: Communication Objects
Materials
Wood
Chair
Interpretative Labels
Daniel M. Tuthill was born in Westminster in 1807 and probably learned his trade from one of the local cabinetmakers working in Windham County. Tuthill had his own business in the Saxton's River section of Rockingham by 1833. This chair is similar to thousands of others that were mass produced in New England at that time. It is stenciled on the back in gold, "D.M. Tuthill/Saxton's Village, VT/Warranted." Tuthill would have employed several people in his furniture factory, probably on a seasonal basis to make the pieces, assemble, paint, stencil, and make the chair seats. In addition to chairs Tuthill made clocks, mirrors and picture frames and cabinet furniture in the early 1840s. By 1850 Tuthill had moved, like so many other Vermonters, to western New York where he continued to practice his trade. Though this chair was one of hundreds made at Tuthill's factory, it still reflects the considerable skill required to make and finish. Note the variety and layers of color used to decorate it. The chair seat is not original to this piece.
Name/Title
Chair
Entry/Object ID
2009.5
Description
Black chair upholstered with a yellow velvet seat (not original). The rails are stenciled in gold with a pattern of leaves and flowers, and there is an urn at the center of the top rail. The apron, front legs, and front stretcher are decoratively turned and accented with gold paint. The back of the center rail is stenciled with the inscription, "D. M. TUTHILL SAXTON'S VILLAGE, VT WARRANTED". The black paint on the back of the chair is lightly applied, showing red paint underneath.
Context
Made by Daniel M. Tuthill in Saxtons River, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2009.5
Source or Donor
Naess, Johan
Naess, Suzanne
Acquisition Method
Made or Created
Artist
Tuthill, Daniel Mason (1807-1876)
1840
Saxtons River
Lexicon
Chair,Seating Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Silk
Chair
Interpretative Labels
Slat-back Armchair, c. 1830 Attributed to Benjamin W. Powers (1788-1866) East Lyndon, Vermont Maple, ash Gift of Elizabeth Harris Brown, #1966.57.2 Benjamin W. Powers was the progenitor of three generations of chairmakers who worked in East Lyndon for almost a century. According to tradition, Powers began to work in the town soon after his marriage in 1814. He developed a specific style of slat-back chair with a woven ash seat, which in the mushroom turnings of the arms and placement and number of rungs resembles chairs made in the Plymouth Colony during the seventeenth century. Whether this similarity was intentional (1820 was the bicentennial of the landing in Plymouth) or simply coincidental is unknown. In either instance, the basic shape was only slightly modified over the years by his son Benjamin F. Powers (1816-1897) and his grandson Henry G. Powers (1840-1901). The two later generations usually stenciled their names on the back of the middle slat of their chairs.
Name/Title
Chair
Entry/Object ID
1966.57.2
Description
Slat-back arm chair with acorn finials and mushroom turnings on the arms. Original paint has been stripped. Three, slightly arched back-splats. Unusual, three side-stretchers.
Context
Representative of the Powers family of chairmakers in the Northeast Kingdom.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.57
Source or Donor
Brown, Elizabeth Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Powers, Benjamin Woods (1788-1866)
Attribution
Attributed to
1830
Lexicon
Chair,Seating Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Ash Splint
Relationships
The Best the Country Affords
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Clock
Name/Title
Clock
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.164a-d
Description
Wooden mantle clock with a mirrored door. The clock face has hand-painted Arabic numerals, and the corners are decorated in gold paint.
Context
Made by Jason R. Rawson in Saxtons River, Vermont. Owned by a member of the Kent family in Calais, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.43
Source or Donor
Tarshi, Andrew
Tarshi, Susan
Gay, Olivia
Ancel, Janet
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Made or Created
Rawson, Jason R.
1840
Saxtons River
Lexicon
Clock,Timekeeping T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Glass, Metal
Relationships
Kent's Corner
Clock
Name/Title
Clock
Entry/Object ID
1967.104a-b
Description
Black wooden mantel clock. The body of the clock is square with cut of corners. It has an inset, round face framed in brass with a glass front.
Context
Given to the Episcopal Bishop of Island Pond, VT, by John Jay (1745-1829).
Acquisition
Accession Number
1967.104
Source or Donor
Hunt, George L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Clock,Timekeeping T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Wood, Metal, Glass
Relationships
Jay, John (1745-1829)
Island Pond, Montpelier
Clock
Interpretative Labels
Clock France Gift of the State of Vermont, 1964.63.125 In 1949, the French people shipped 49 boxcars filled with tokens of gratitude for the trainloads of food, clothing, and medicine that the United States had sent in 1947 to assist France's recovery following World War II. The "Merci Train," a response to the "American Friendship Train," arrived in February. There was an antique boxcar full of gifts and messages for each of the 48 states, plus one for Hawaii and the District of Columbia to share. Vermont's boxcar arrived in the state aboard a flatbed car on February 9. It made short stops in Brattleboro, Bellows Falls, and White River Junction on its way to Montpelier. The official welcoming ceremony took place on February 10, and included Governor Ernest W. Gibson Jr. and Count Max de Montalembert, the French vice-consul in Boston. Vermont's boxcar contained hundreds of items--dolls, toys, paintings, crafts, pencil boxes, embroidered collars, wooden puppets, ornamental fans, paintings, vases, trinkets, books, cards, and letters. Some of the artwork was given to the Fleming Museum at the University of Vermont in Burlington, some French books to Middlebury College, and individual items were sent via legislators to towns and libraries throughout the state. The remainder--nearly 200 items--has been in the custody of and stored at the Vermont Historical Society. Pieces from the collection have been displayed twice since they arrived in that boxcar 70 years ago--in the 1950s and in 1988.
Name/Title
Clock
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.125
Description
Wooden clock with ornately carved front. The front panel features floral carvings and inserted turnings. A round clock face is attached to the center. The front opens to reveal a space on the inside with a label indicating that it was given to the Merci Train.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1964.63
Source or Donor
France
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
France
Lexicon
Clock,Timekeeping T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Glass, Metal
Relationships
Merci Train
World War II
Clock
Name/Title
Clock
Entry/Object ID
1994.9.1
Description
Wooden mantle clock with mirror-front door. The front of the clock is flanked by two columns, each painted black and stenciled with gold. The top of the clock has a decorative panel that is also painted black with gold stenciling. The face of the clock has roman numerals and the corners are decorated with gold scrollwork. The back wall of the interior is papered with a label that reads, "IMPROVED CLOCKS, MANUFACTURED AND SOLD BY E. M. BARNS, Chimney Point, Vermont. Warrented [sic] if well used."
Context
Made by Edgar Merriam Barnes in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1994.9
Source or Donor
Hall, C. Eleanor
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Barnes, Edgar Merriam (1805-1871)
1830-1834
Addison
Lexicon
Clock, Shelf,Clock, Mantel,Clock,Timekeeping T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal, Glass, Paper
Cobbler's Bench
Name/Title
Cobbler's Bench
Entry/Object ID
1945.30
Description
Green-painted work bench with vise. The bench has two stretchers across the short ends, and one stretcher across the long sides. There is a large wooden vise at one of the legs with an unpainted, turned wood handle. The underside of the bench is unpainted.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.30
Source or Donor
Parlin, Fred L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Estate of Fred L. Parlin
Lexicon
Vise, Bench,Bench, Cobbler's,Vise,Vise, Metalworking,Bench, Leatherworker's,Mechanical Devices,Mechanical T&E,Metalworking T&E,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Cradle
Name/Title
Cradle
Entry/Object ID
1960.119
Description
Red walnut rocking cradle with burl graining. The cradle consists of a rectangular base with flaring walls that rise into a cover over the head. The edges of the cover, or tester, are cut into a baluster shape, and the top is rounded by using three boards. The cradle is on two rockers, placed at the head and foot. The shield-shaped back board (or headboard) is pine.
Context
Used by Lemuel Scott Jr. (born January 4, 1790), the first male born in Fletcher, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.119
Source or Donor
Scott, Warren A.
Made or Created
1790
Lexicon
Cradle,Bed, Child's,Bed,Sleeping & Reclining Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Scott, Lemuel, Jr. (1790-1878)
Desk
Interpretative Labels
Desk, circa 1760 New England Mahogany Gift of Margaret Hyde Fay Brown, #1922.14.2 Ethan Allen, Thomas Chittenden, and Dr. Jonas Fay all used this desk when they stayed at the Catamount Tavern. The proprietor of the tavern, Stephen Fay, hosted these and other men when they met to organize the Green Mountain Boys, fight the British advancing on Bennington, and plan how Vermont would be governed. Stephen’s wife Ruth may have sat at this desk in the fall of 1777 as she struggled to write a difficult letter to relatives in Connecticut. She had lost her son, John, at the Battle of Bennington, and his wife and two baby sons died unexpectedly a few weeks later.
Name/Title
Desk
Entry/Object ID
1922.14.2
Description
Fall front mahogany desk with four drawers. The slanted portion at the top of the desk folds down to rest on two pull-out supports on either side of the top drawer.
Context
Used by Stephen Fay at the Catamount Tavern in Bennington during the Revolutionary War. Thomas Chittenden, Ethan Allen, and Jonas Fay reportedly also used this desk at the tavern.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1922.14
Source or Donor
Brown, Margaret Hyde Fay (1833-1922)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1760
New England
Lexicon
Desk,Storage & Display Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Fay, Stephen (1715-1781), Allen, Ethan (1738-1789), Chittenden, Thomas (1730-1797), Fay, Jonas (1736-1818)
Catamount Tavern, Bennington
American Revolutionary War
Desk
Name/Title
Desk
Entry/Object ID
1976.54
Description
Narrow wooden desk with two lifting writing surfaces. The desk has a slanted top that opens into two shallow storage boxes. The desk sits on H-shaped piers, supported by a stretcher across the bottom. The piers are stained a dark color than the top of the desk and are scrolled and decorated with applied, carved bull's eyes. The right side of the desk has two metal plaques, one reading, "Seat of Consuela Northrup Bailey 1951 First lady speaker of the House", and the other reading, "Seat of Miss Edna L. Beard First lady member 1921".
Context
Used by both Edna Beard, first female member of the Vermont State House of Representatives, and Consuela Northrup Bailey, first female Speaker of the House of the Vermont State House of Representatives
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.54
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Collected by Staff
Lexicon
Desk,Storage & Display Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Brass
Relationships
Bailey, Consuelo Northrup, Beard, Edna
Vermont State House
Document Box
Name/Title
Document Box
Entry/Object ID
1959.58.2
Description
Wooden document box with hinged lid. The corners of the box have been rounded. The lid has a bar handle in the center, and secures at the center front with a small, silver-toned metal latch.
Context
Made in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1959.58
Source or Donor
Wilkinson, Madeleine
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
East Calais
Lexicon
Case, Document,Container, Document,Writing Accessories,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Folding Chair
Name/Title
Folding Chair
Entry/Object ID
1981.16
Description
Black-painted wooden folding chair. The chair has a ladder back and high, curved arms. The arms are grooved along the inside to allow pegs attached to the outer corners of the seat to slide down and fold the chair. The chair is upholstered with modern fabric, jacquard woven in a green and brown tweed.
Context
Used by Major James S. Peck of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1981.16
Made or Created
1860-1865
Lexicon
Chair, Folding,Chair,Seating Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Fabric
Relationships
Peck, James S. (1838-1884)
Montpelier
Civil War
Footlocker
Name/Title
Footlocker
Entry/Object ID
1997.19a-c
Description
Grey-painted wooden footlocker. The top of the lid is painted with the inscription, "R. E. SMITH 1112 Co. Camp Greene Montpelier Vermont." The inscription is flanked by two yellow rectangles with simplistic evergreen trees inside. The upper left corner has a yellow paper mailing tag that reads, "To: RE Smith Waltham, Mass." The inside of the footlocker has a tin shelf unit with wooden dividers.
Context
Used by R. E. Smith while a member of the Civilian Conservation Corps in Montpelier, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1997.19
Source or Donor
Antiques at 110 Main
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
1933-1944
Lexicon
Footlocker,Trunk,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin, Wood
Relationships
Civilian Conservation Corps, Smith, R. E.
Montpelier
Globe
Interpretative Labels
Globe, 1810-1819 James Wilson Bradford, VT Wood, paper, brass Anonymous gift, 1921.16 James Wilson of Bradford was raised on a farm and trained briefly as a blacksmith. He moved to Bradford as a young man in 1796 and became interested in cartography. After visiting Dartmouth College's map collection, he grew particularly enamored of globes, and set out to make his own. It took several years of experimentation and learning new skills - he was almost exclusively self-taught - but Wilson began officially manufacturing his globes in 1813. Producing a high-quality globe required mastering a variety of skills - printing, engraving, woodworking, and blacksmithing - all with a high degree of precision. Wilson manufactured a variety of globes, including a line of papier-mache globes that he could produce and sell inexpensively. His globes were the first to be manufactured in America, and found a ready audience in schools in particular. This globe was not among his first run, but was produced later, in 1816. The Wilson Manufacturing Company continued to produce globes in Vermont and New York for nearly fifty years.
Name/Title
Globe
Entry/Object ID
1921.16
Description
World globe printed on paper that is glued onto a hollow wooden sphere. The sphere rests in a stand made of wood and brass, and spins freely in two directions. The brass portion encircles the globe vertically, and is marked with measurement hash marks and numbers meant to indicate longitude. The wooden stand encircles the globe horizontally and on its flat surface there are more printed paper designs depicting astrological signs. The horizontal piece also includes measurement hash marks meant to indicate latitude.

The wooden stand is supported on four turned legs that are connected crosswise in the center. The globe can spin freely or be locked in place by making adjustments to the brass piece.

On the legend on the globe is printed the explanatory text: "A NEW / TERRESTRIAL GLOBE, / on which the / TRACTS and NEW DISCOVERIES / are laid down / from the Accurate Observations / made by / Cap.t. Cook, Furneux, Phipps & C. / By J. WILSON, VERMONT."
Context
Made by Wilson Manufacturing Company in Bradford, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1921.16
Source or Donor
Unknown
Acquisition Method
Unknown
Made or Created
Artist
Wilson, James (1763-1855)
Wilson Manufacturing Company
1810-1818
Bradford
Lexicon
Globe,Cartograph,Graphic Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper, Wood, Brass
Mailbox
Name/Title
Mailbox
Entry/Object ID
1957.4.10
Description
Wooden box with hinged top. The box is simply constructed, with nailed joints. The top opens on hinges placed at the back, and locks with an interior lock at the center front.
Context
Used at H. Bennett's store in Bridport, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.4
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Made or Created
Bridport
Lexicon
Mailbox,Container, Mail,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
H. Bennett's
Mirror Frame
Name/Title
Mirror Frame
Entry/Object ID
1995.8a-b
Description
Wide wooden frame with ogee molding and mahogany veneer. The back has a paper label with an image of a large building beside a bridge. Around the image is the inscription, "All kinds of Bedsteads, Tables, Chairs, Sofas, Matresses and Mirrors, Manufactured and for sale Wholesale or Retail, on the best terms, BY A. VN DOORN & SONS, BRATTLEBORO, VT."
Context
Made by A. Van Doorn & Sons of Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1995.8
Source or Donor
Flaccus, Jonathan
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
Anthony Van Doorn & Sons
1842-1852
Brattleboro
Lexicon
Frame, Picture,Frame, Mirror,Frame,Storage & Display Accessories,Household Accessories,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Paper
Relationships
VanDoorn, Anthony (1792-1871)
Pulpit
Name/Title
Pulpit
Entry/Object ID
1940.9
Description
Square pulpit with applied wooden decorations. The sides are paneled and decorated with escutcheons, scrollwork, and dentiling or strapwork. The top overhangs the sides.
Context
Used by Clark Stevens, a Quaker minister and founder of East Montpelier, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1940.9
Source or Donor
Pray, Mrs. George L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Pulpit,Religious Objects,Ceremonial Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Stevens, Clark (1764-1853)
East Montpelier
Radio
Name/Title
Radio
Entry/Object ID
2003.16.2
Description
Fairbanks-Morse case radio. The radio is in a large, wooden case with fabric covering the speaker openings. The fabric is woven in a decorative shell pattern. There is a large central dial with round label openings around it. Above the dial is a three-level tuning dial face. The radio is accompanied by a paper envelope containing an operating manual, a business reply card, and three sheets of punch-out cardboard station labels.
Context
Owned by the Goodall family of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2003.16
Source or Donor
Balham, Jean Louise Goodall (1925-2016)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Fairbanks-Morse & Company
1937
Indianapolis
Lexicon
Radio,Telecommunication Devices,Telecommunication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Balham, Jean Louise Goodall (1925-2016), Goodall, Winona O'Neil (1898-1960), Goodall, Frederick (1898-1961)
Montpelier
Radio
Interpretative Labels
Radio, 1929 Atwater Kent Manufacturing Company Philadelphia, PA Wood, metal, glass Gift of David Stone, 1978.14.1a-c Arthur Atwater Kent was born in Burlington, but moved to Worcester, MA with his family as a child. He spent some time studying at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute but did not graduate, having already begun his own business making small electric motors, generators, fans, and an automobile ignition system of his own design. In 1921, he began making radio parts, selling them as do-it-yourself kits for early enthusiasts. By 1925, the Atwater Kent Manufacturing Company was the largest maker of radios in the United States. By 1931, they boasted that they had produced over 3 million radios. Though Kent had started with small kits for enthusiasts, by the late 1920s the company was focusing on high-end, high-quality models. As a result, the Great Depression hit the company particularly hard, and by 1936 its factory in Philadelphia, which had employed as many as 12,000 people at its height, closed. Many Kent radios were built into furniture pieces, and this table is an example of a particularly elaborate one. It was made by the Kiel Company of Milwaukee, and originally cost $175 when it came on the market in 1929. The company offered installment plans, which made even this high-end piece of technology accessible to the average American. At the time, radios would have occupied the central place in a home that televisions hold today – as a focal point of a room, a primary source of entertainment, and a connection to the outside world.
Name/Title
Radio
Entry/Object ID
1978.14.1a-c
Description
Large table with radio built into it.

The table has six legs, ornately turned, and connected by a central bracing system at the floor level. There are two plug outlets in two of the table legs. The table itself is shaped as a hexagon, with two long sides making it more oval-shaped. There is deep and elaborately decorated trim around the tabletop.

One side piece drops horizontally to expose a radio face with dials and band indicator. The trim and legs are painted black.

The tabletop is stained wood grain, and lifts up to expose the radio at the interior. The radio itself, an Atwater Kent Model 55C, takes up most of the interior space of the table. The radio is labeled Serial #4380032.
Context
Made by Atwater Kent Manufacturing Company
Acquisition
Accession Number
1978.14
Source or Donor
Stone, David
Made or Created
1929
Lexicon
Radio,Telecommunication Devices,Telecommunication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Kent, Arthur Atwater (1873-1949)
Calais
Secretary
Interpretative Labels
Secretary, c. 1840 Attributed to James W. Stevens (1815-1870) Craftsbury, Vermont Mahogany, pine, and basswood Bequest of Carolyn A. Pratt, 1966.7 James Wellington Stevens was born at Middlebury in 1815 and was apprenticed to a man named Sweet before moving to Craftsbury shortly after his twenty-first birthday in 1836. According to the entries in his extant account books, also in the collection of VHS, he began to work in June of 1836 and continued until 1855. This corroborates family history, which states that he ceased cabinetmaking "in the fifties" and opened a daguerreotype studio in town. Stevens' account books reveal that he was typical of Vermont's versatile woodworkers, recording jobs from the making of "18 shoe patterns" to "setting glass in school house." The range of his furniture production was also broad, from a 98-cent footstool to a $19.50 sofa. In between were center, dining, and tea tables, French bedsteads, sets of "fancy" chairs, and bureaus. Accompanying the account books are several 19th-century stencil patterns and early transfer decals.
Name/Title
Secretary
Entry/Object ID
1966.7.1a-g
Description
Secretary (Desk) of pine veneered with mahogany. Made in two parts, desk and bookcase. Distinctive, applied cyma-curve columns and scrolled front legs. Bookcase has glazed doors and two shelves. Desk opens to reveal writing surface, two small drawers, and eight pigeon-holes. The base includes two large drawers with replacement brass pulls.
Context
Attributed to Craftsbury cabinetmaker James Wellington Stevens. Owned by Judge James A. Paddock.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.7
Source or Donor
Pratt, Carolyn A.
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
Artist
Stevens, James Wellington (1815-1870)
Attribution
Attributed to
1840
Craftsbury
Lexicon
Secretary,Desk,Storage & Display Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Pine, Mahogany
Relationships
Paddock, James Augustus (1798-1867)
The Best the Country Affords
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Sign
Name/Title
Sign
Entry/Object ID
1997.41.1
Description
Wooden side with the stenciled inscription, "P. W. A. NO. PROJECT 752-02-138". The sign is painted white with black text and has a black frame piece on the top.
Context
Used for the Swanton Fish Hatchery
Acquisition
Accession Number
1997.41
Source or Donor
Taplin, Winn Lowell, Jr. (1925-2016)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1933-1940
Swanton
Lexicon
Sign,Visual Communication Devices,Visual Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Public Works Administration
Sign
Interpretative Labels
Tollgate Sign, 1814-1816 Peru, Vermont Wood, paint Gift of Stoddard Bates, 1923.16 Turnpikes were an 18th and 19th century answer to the problem of building difficult-to-maintain roads in rural New England. States could charter companies with private shareholders to build and maintain roads with the understanding that those companies could then charge tolls to travel on the roads. Such companies were rarely as profitable as their investors had hoped, but they did connect communities and achieve several innovations in road building and maintenance. The Peru Toll Road, chartered in 1814, was the last road in New England with a true toll-gate; travelers in 1914, one hundred years after its creation, still had to stop and pay a toll to the private owner. It was purchased by the state soon afterwards.
Name/Title
Sign
Entry/Object ID
1923.16
Description
Wooden sign with hand-painted toll rates. The sign is constructed of two wooden boards painted white, with black copperplate lettering. The whole is framed with narrow pieces of black-painted wood.
Context
Shows the rates of toll for the turnpike in Peru, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1923.16
Source or Donor
Bates, Stoddard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1814-1816
Peru
Lexicon
Sign, Informational,Sign,Visual Communication Devices,Visual Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Peru
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
2003.68
Description
Center table with central pedestal and three feet. The table is veneered on all visible surfaces, with the tabletop book-plated. The feet are shaped into a scrollwork pattern with flat sides, and the center pedestal is round. The edges of the table are slightly wavy, creating a petaled design.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2003.68
Acquisition Method
Found in Collection
Credit Line
Found in Collection
Lexicon
Table, Center,Table,Support Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Table
Name/Title
Table
Entry/Object ID
1973.1.42ab
Description
Marble topped table with a center post. The table has four feet, each with a small metal caster (wheel). The center post is made of black wood and decoratively carved in an Eastlake style. The top is square with chamfered corners. The bottom of the table is stamped with, "No. 51".
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.1
Source or Donor
Henry, Stella Vitty (1888-1985)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Table,Support Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Marble
Relationships
Windsor
Trade Sign
Interpretative Labels
Trade Sign, ca. 1940 Montpelier, Vermont Wood, paint Museum purchase, 2008.18 James Pilini, his wife, and young daughter, emigrated from Switzerland in the late 1920's. His garage was located at 19 Pitkin Court behind the Fire Station in Montpelier. It was still in operating in the 1970's. The painted wood sign probably dates from the 1940s.
Name/Title
Trade Sign
Entry/Object ID
2008.18
Description
Pilini's Garage sign. The sign consists of two white-painted board, each with shaped ends. The word "PILINI'S" is painted in large letter across the center, with "WELDING / AUTO REPAIRING" on the left and "BATTERY / ELECTRICAL / CARBURETOR" on the right. The boards are held together with two vertical boards on the reverse, onto which eye rings have been added for hanging.
Context
Pilini's Garage used to sit at 19 Pitkin Court in Montpelier, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2008.18
Source or Donor
Lamb, Durwood
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
1940
Montpelier
Lexicon
Sign, Trade,Sign,Sign, Advertising,Visual Communication Devices,Visual Communication T&E,Advertising Media,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Montpelier
Trunk
Interpretative Labels
Dr. David Fukuda served as an anesthesiologist at Barre City Hospital and the Central Vermont Medical Center for over thirty years. He and his family used this trunk, one of seven, to move from japan to Vermont in the 1950s. Fukuda's daughter, who donated the family's items to the historical society, wrote that when her parents moved, the trunk was "filled with all of their precious meager belongings...to begin their new lives in Vermont! It held all of their dreams and wishes for a good life."
Name/Title
Trunk
Entry/Object ID
2012.41
Description
Traveling trunk with riveted metal strapping around the edges of each side. The top opens with a hing, and secures with two side latches and a center lock. The trunk is additionally supported by narrow strapping across the center. The top is painted with the label, "Mr. M. Fukuda/New York" and the front has a paper label with a shipping address.
Context
Used by the Fukuda family when they immigrated from Japan to the United States in 1955.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.41
Source or Donor
Fukuda, Christopher, M.D. (b. 1958)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1950
Lexicon
Trunk,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Materials
Wood, Metal, Paper
Trunk
Name/Title
Trunk
Entry/Object ID
1966.34.4
Description
Animal hide covered trunk. The top of the trunk lifts up on hinges on the back side, and secures with a large interior lock on the front side. The edges of each side of the trunk is studded with brass tacks. The interior of the trunk is lined with blue floral fabric, and the lid is fitted with ribbons held with tacks.
Context
Owned by Col. Timothy Hubbard of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.34
Source or Donor
Taylor, Mrs. Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Trunk,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Wood, Brass, Iron
Relationships
Hubbard, Timothy (1774-1840)
Montpelier
Type Case
Name/Title
Type Case
Entry/Object ID
1973.55.1
Description
Handmade wooden type case. The case is divided in half then subdivided into small boxes or cubbies. Five rows are separated into square boxes (7 in each half-length row), and the remaining two are separated into rectangular boxes (5 in each half-length row). The reverse bears the inscription, "Type board used by John Goold in printing the first newspaper ever printed in the state of Vermont. John Goold was the father of Lydia Goold Putnam and grandfather of Abel Putnam (Jr?)." The front of the case is covered in plexiglass with an exhibition label and an example of the print attached.
Use
Used to hold letters for a printing press
Context
Used by John Goold in printing the first newspaper printed in the state of Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.55
Source or Donor
Owens, Margaret Gould
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1794-1796
Westminster
Lexicon
Case, Type,Typesetting Equipment,Printing T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Goold, John (1761-1850)
Westminster
Wall Clock
Name/Title
Wall Clock
Entry/Object ID
2003.27.1a-f
Description
Wooden hanging clock. With little exception, the entirety of the clock is made of wood, including the internal mechanisms. The clock has a rectangular box with a white face with roman numerals. There is a long pendulum that swings below the box as well as a sand-filled eight-sided weight
Context
Made by Charles A. Smith of Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2003.27
Source or Donor
Gale, Edwin J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Smith, Charles A.
1940-1945
Brattleboro
Lexicon
Clock, Wall,Clock,Timekeeping T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Paper, String, Metal
Wall Clock
Name/Title
Wall Clock
Entry/Object ID
2003.27.2a-i
Description
Wooden hanging clock. With little exception, the entirety of the clock is made of wood, including the internal mechanisms. The clock has a rectangular box with a white face with roman numerals. There is a long pendulum that swings below the box as well as a sand-filled eight-sided weight
Context
Made by Charles A. Smith of Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2003.27
Source or Donor
Gale, Edwin J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Smith, Charles A.
1940-1945
Brattleboro
Lexicon
Clock, Wall,Clock,Timekeeping T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Paper, Metal
Writing Case
Name/Title
Writing Case
Entry/Object ID
1992.30.2b
Description
Wooden portable writing desk with a thin leather cover. There is a handle at the top. The front flap has a locking mechanism that, when unlocked, allows the whole side to drop open to become a writing surface. The interior of the back side is split into two sections that open outward from the center like doors, beneath which is one large page-sized storage section. The back of each door has a specialized storage area: one is split to hold four tools, and the second has a pleated envelope with a tappe closing flap. A long, narrow section stretches across the bottom and is filled with removable trays, allowing for multiple layers of storage. The end section holds an ink bottle. There are pen nibs, an ink bottle, and pen handle inside the case.
Context
Presented to Rufus Kinsley, superintendent of the May Street Sunday School for Negroes, Boston on his retirement in 1857. Kinsley carried the case during his service in the Civil War as part of Co. F, 8th Vermont and Co. G 74th US Colored Infantry. He continued to educate many formerly enslaved people during the war.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1992.30
Source or Donor
Kinsley, Sumner E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1857-1865
Boston
Lexicon
Case, Writing,Case, Writing Equipment,Container, Writing Equipment,Writing Accessories,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Artificial Leather, Brass, Leather
Relationships
Kinsley, Rufus (1831-1911)
Civil War

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