Objects - Political History

Vermont has had an active presence in politics at all levels, and we have the objects to show it. The collection includes campaign materials, protest signs, and even ballot boxes.

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Banner
Name/Title
Banner
Entry/Object ID
2016.42.2
Description
Rectangular burgundy polyester banner. White felted letters glued to the front read, "Kunin". There are metal grommets in each corner.
Context
Made for the gubernatorial election of Madeleine Kunin. Originally hung in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2016.42
Source or Donor
Minoli, Carol
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1985-1991
Lexicon
Banner,Declaratory Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton, Wool, Brass
Relationships
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Banner
Interpretative Labels
Banner, 1840 Captain John Barrett (1776-1856) Grafton, VT Cotton, wood, metal, paint Gift of Mary X. Barrett, 1947.6.3 The election of 1840 was one of the most politically charged in American history. It pitted incumbent Martin Van Buren against challengers William Henry Harrison and John Tyler. Harrison and Tyler ran on a platform of reform and change for the new Whig Party against Van Buren's Democrats, hence the slogan on the topmost banner. Harrison was a war hero who had won a victory at the Battle of Tippecoanoe, and was often called "Old Tippecanoe," hence the lower banner, which was carried by Captain John Barrett of Grafton when he attended a political rally on Stratton Mountain in 1840. For more about that rally, see the campaign pin on the right hand side of the case on the opposite side of this room. Grafton went on to serve as an elector for the state of Vermont and cast the state's electoral college votes for Harrison's win.
Name/Title
Banner
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.3
Description
White canvas banner with the hand-painted inscription, "ALL TRUE, FOR OLD TIP." The edges of the banner are folded back and the top and bottom and tacked onto wooden boards.
Context
Carried by Captain John Barrett to a political rally for William Henry Harrison on Stratton Mountain, 1840.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1947.6
Source or Donor
Barrett, Mary X.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Barrett, John (1776-1856)
1840
Grafton
Lexicon
Banner,Declaratory Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Materials
Cotton, Wood, Metal, Paint
Relationships
Barrett, John (1776-1856)
Grafton, Stratton Mountain
Banner
Name/Title
Banner
Entry/Object ID
1995.12
Description
Square cotton banner with the painted inscription, "VERMONT THE STAR THAT NEVER SETS CORINTH DELECTI[ON] FIRM FOR OLD TIP". The top and bottom edges of the banner have nail holes evenly spaced all the way across.
Context
Made in Corinth, Vermont, during the election of William Henry Harrison. Possibly carried to a political rally at Stratton Mountain.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1995.12
Source or Donor
Gibson, Judith C.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1840
Corinth
Lexicon
Banner,Declaratory Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Harrison, William Henry (1773-1841)
Stratton Mountain
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.1
Description
Round white button with the black, hand-written inscription, "Douglas 90".
Context
Made for James Douglas' 1990 campaign for Secretary of State of Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1990
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper, Metal
Relationships
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.2
Description
Round green button with the white inscription, "PETER SMITH Governor '86".
Context
Made for the unsuccessful gubernatorial campaign of Peter Smith in 1986. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1986
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
Smith, Peter Plympton (b.1943)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.3
Description
Round white button with blue border and the blue inscription, "Peter P. Smith for Lieutenant Governor".
Context
Made by the campaign of Peter Smith for lieutenant Governor in 1983. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1983
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Smith, Peter Plympton (b.1943)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.4
Description
Round blue button, with a semi-circular white wedge on the lower half and the inscription, "EASTON GOVERNOR '84".
Context
Made for the unsuccessful gubernatorial campaign of John Easton in 1984. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1984
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Easton, John (born 1943)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.5
Description
Round green button with the white sans-serif inscription, "Jim Jeffords Senate '94".
Context
Made for Jim Jeffords' senatorial campaign of 1994. Owned by Governor James H. Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1994
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Jeffords, James Merrill (1934-2014)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.6
Description
Round yellow button with the green inscription, "JIM MILNE Secretary of State". Written on the back with black marker is, "THANKS Jim / Jim 11/8/94" A makers stamp is on center of back "Badge A Minit / 1-800-223-4103".
Context
Made for Jim Milne's successful campaign for Secretary of State of Vermont in 1994. Owned by Governor James H. Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1994
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Barre City
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.7
Description
Round blue and white button with the inscription, "I Like MIKE BERNHARDT FOR GOVERNOR". In tiny letters along edge is the inscription, "Versitile Graphics Burlington, VT 862-3762"
Context
Made for the unsuccessful gubernatorial campaign of Michael Bernhardt in 1988. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Versitile Graphics
1988
Burlington
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
Bernhardt, Michael
Londonderry
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.8
Description
Round blue and white button with the inscription, "I Like MIKE BERNHARDT FOR GOVERNOR". In tiny letters along edge is the inscription, "Versitile Graphics Burlington, VT 862-3762"
Context
Made for the unsuccessful gubernatorial campaign of Michael Bernhardt in 1988. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Versitile Graphics
1988
Burlington
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Bernhardt, Michael
Londonderry
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.9
Description
Round button with three green mountains over a blue ground. A red line spans the middle with the white inscription, "Hilton Wick for Governor".
Context
Made for the unsuccessful gubernatorial of Hilton Wick in 1984. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Horn Company
1984
Glenside
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Wick, Hilton Addison (1920-2006)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.10
Description
Round white button with two equally-spaced concentric green circles with the inscription, "VOTE SARTY R-3 He's for ALL of us". There is a maker's mark on the reverse saying, "Badg/A/Minit - LASALLE/ILL 61301". The design on the front is printed on a round piece of paper.
Context
Peter G. Sarty, a Republican from Rutland was elected to the Vermont House of Representatives in 1986, 88 and 90. R-3 on the pin is the designation for the district he represented, Rutland-3. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1986-1990
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Sarty, Peter G.
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.11
Description
Round red-and-white striped button with the inscription, "RE-ELECT EDSON SHERIFF" in blue and white. Above the inscription is a five-pointed star with the word "sheriff" in the center.
Context
Produced for the reelection of Donald Edson for Washington County Sheriff. Edson was sheriff from 1987 to 2004 when he resigned as part of a plea bargain for felony fraud.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Edson, Donald G.
Washington County
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.12
Description
Round button with a black-and-white photograph of a woman with short, curly white hair and large glasses. She is shown smiling, and is wearing pearl earrings, a white shirt, and a suit jacket. The inscription, "YOU CAN BET ON BETTY" rings the top edge in black letters.
Context
Produced for one of the Senate campaigns of Betty Ferraro in 1992 or 1994. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1992-1994
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Ferraro, Betty
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.13
Description
Round, green button with the white inscription, "MURPHY for MIDDLEBURY Representative 4-2". The reverse bears the maker's label, "BADGE/A/MINIT/LASALLE/ILL 61301".
Context
William Murphy of Middlebury ran twice to be one of the two District 4-2 representatives in the Vermont House. Both time, 1986 and 1994, the Republican came in fourth. Democrats won the two seats in both elections.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
LaSalle
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Murphy, William
Middlebury
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.14
Description
Round, white button with a green silhouette of an elephant at the time and the green sans-serif inscription, "Vermonters are Telling... "WE NEED DICK SNELLING" U.S. Senate 1986 Don McNally, Derby, Vt."
Context
Worn by Gov. James Douglas. Produced for Richard Snelling's unsuccessful US Senate campaign in 1986. He lost to Democrat Patrick Leahy. This campaign came after he had been governor of the state from 1977 to 1985.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1986
Derby
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Snelling, Richard Arkwright (1927-1991)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.15
Description
Round pin printed with a photograph of a man's face. He is smiling with an open mouth and has curly hair. He is wearing a white, colored shirt, and a grey suit jacket. The pin is stamped on the reverse with "Badge-A-Minit/LASALLE/ILL. 61301".
Context
Owned by Governor James Douglas. Shows Governor Richard Snelling.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
20th Century
LaSalle
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Snelling, Richard Arkwright (1927-1991)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.16
Description
Round blue button with a red-outlined six-pointed star. In the center of the star is the inscription "AMOS COLBY" in red.
Context
Made for the election of Amos Colby for Essex County Sheriff. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Colby, Amos
Essex County
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.17
Description
Round white button with the blue inscription, "HACKETT", across the center. The maker's name is tucked under the edge: "RUSSELL BADGE MFG WAKEFIELD MASS".
Context
Made for the unsuccessful gubernatorial campaign of Luther Hackett, 1972. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Russell Badge Manufacturing Company
1972
Wakefield
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Hackett, Luther Frederick (1933-2018)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.19
Description
Round red pin with the white sans-serif inscription, "DION".
Context
Frank E. Dion, a Republican, ran for mayor of Burlington in 1971. He lost to Gordon Paquette, a Democrat. Paquette would serve as mayor for the next ten years.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Dion, Frank E. (1929-1991)
Burlington
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.20
Description
Round red pin with the white sans-serif inscription, "DION".
Context
Frank E. Dion, a Republican, ran for mayor of Burlington in 1971. He lost to Gordon Paquette, a Democrat. Paquette would serve as mayor for the next ten years.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
Dion, Frank E. (1929-1991)
Burlington
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.22
Description
Round green pin-backed button with white block letters "PROUTY".
Context
Made for one of the campaigns of Winston L. Prouty. Owned by Governor James Douglas.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Prouty, Winston Lewis (1906-1971)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.23
Description
Round white button with safety clasp and the blue inscription, "VERMONT RIGHT WITH READY/By Baraba Cummings, Springfield, Vt." At the center top is an image of a waving United States flag.
Context
Produced for the presidential campaign of Ronald Reagan
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Cummings, Barbara
1980
Springfield
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Reagan, Ronald Wilson (1911-2004)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.24
Description
Round button with two layers of green mountains and a dark blue sky. It has the inscription "Vermont BUSH COUNTRY" in white along with a small, white eight-pointed star and a white falling leaf.
Context
This was the official button for the Vermont delegation to the Republican National Convention in 1992, at which George H. W. Bush, vice president under President Ronald Reagan and president as of 1988, received the party's nomination (for reelection).
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Bush, George Herbert Walker (b. 1924)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.25
Description
Round white button with the green sans-serif inscription, "GO 4 WEST". The 4 is within a shield shape (route symbol).
Context
Owned by Governor James Douglas, who said this might have come from Robert "Bob" West's unsuccessful bid to become attorney general in 1972. He lost in the Republican primary. The victor, Kimberly Cheney was elected AG in the general election.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1972
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
West, Robert
Rutland County
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.50.26
Description
Round white button with the green sans-serif inscription, "GO 4 WEST". The 4 is within a shield shape (route symbol).
Context
Owned by Governor James Douglas, who said this might have come from Robert "Bob" West's unsuccessful bid to become attorney general in 1972. He lost in the Republican primary. The victor, Kimberly Cheney was elected AG in the general election.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.50
Source or Donor
Douglas, James H. (b. 1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1972
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
West, Robert
Rutland County
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2000.32.19
Description
Burgundy campaign pin with the inscription, "Kunin! '80" in white and grey. The pin back is missing.
Context
Produced for Madeleine Kunin's 1980 campaign for reelection for Lieutenant Governor of Vermont.
Madeleine M. Kunin served as Lieutenant Governor for the State of Vermont from 1979-1982, and as Governor from 1984-1991.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.32
Source or Donor
Rothenberg, Arie
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1980
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2008.38.17
Description
Round button, striped red, white, and blue, with the sans-serif inscription, "MY FIRST VOTE/HARDING/IS FOR". (My first vote is for Harding.)
Context
Pin presumably from the presidential campaign of Warren Harding in 1920. No information about who the first-time voter was.

Bio of President Warren Harding from https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/presidents/warren-g-harding/

"Warren G. Harding, an Ohio Republican, was the 29th President of the United States (1921-1923). Though his term in office was fraught with scandal, including Teapot Dome, Harding embraced technology and was sensitive to the plights of minorities and women.

Before his nomination, Warren G. Harding declared, “America’s present need is not heroics, but healing; not nostrums, but normalcy; not revolution, but restoration; not agitation, but adjustment; not surgery, but serenity; not the dramatic, but the dispassionate; not experiment, but equipoise; not submergence in internationality, but sustainment in triumphant nationality….”

A Democratic leader, William Gibbs McAdoo, called Harding’s speeches “an army of pompous phrases moving across the landscape in search of an idea.” Their very murkiness was effective, since Harding’s pronouncements remained unclear on the League of Nations, in contrast to the impassioned crusade of the Democratic candidates, Governor James M. Cox of Ohio and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Thirty-one distinguished Republicans had signed a manifesto assuring voters that a vote for Harding was a vote for the League. But Harding interpreted his election as a mandate to stay out of the League of Nations.

Harding, born near Marion, Ohio, in 1865, became the publisher of a newspaper. He married a divorcee, Mrs. Florence Kling De Wolfe. He was a trustee of the Trinity Baptist Church, a director of almost every important business, and a leader in fraternal organizations and charitable enterprises.

He organized the Citizen’s Cornet Band, available for both Republican and Democratic rallies; “I played every instrument but the slide trombone and the E-flat cornet,” he once remarked.

Harding’s undeviating Republicanism and vibrant speaking voice, plus his willingness to let the machine bosses set policies, led him far in Ohio politics. He served in the state Senate and as Lieutenant Governor, and unsuccessfully ran for Governor. He delivered the nominating address for President Taft at the 1912 Republican Convention. In 1914 he was elected to the Senate, which he found “a very pleasant place.”

An Ohio admirer, Harry Daugherty, began to promote Harding for the 1920 Republican nomination because, he later explained, “He looked like a President.”

Thus a group of Senators, taking control of the 1920 Republican Convention when the principal candidates deadlocked, turned to Harding. He won the Presidential election by an unprecedented landslide of 60 percent of the popular vote.

Republicans in Congress easily got the President’s signature on their bills. They eliminated wartime controls and slashed taxes, established a Federal budget system, restored the high protective tariff, and imposed tight limitations upon immigration.

By 1923 the postwar depression seemed to be giving way to a new surge of prosperity, and newspapers hailed Harding as a wise statesman carrying out his campaign promise–“Less government in business and more business in government.”

Behind the facade, not all of Harding’s Administration was so impressive. Word began to reach the President that some of his friends were using their official positions for their own enrichment. Alarmed, he complained, “My…friends…they’re the ones that keep me walking the floors nights!”

Looking wan and depressed, Harding journeyed westward in the summer of 1923, taking with him his upright Secretary of Commerce, Herbert Hoover. “If you knew of a great scandal in our administration,” he asked Hoover, “would you for the good of the country and the party expose it publicly or would you bury it?” Hoover urged publishing it, but Harding feared the political repercussions.

He did not live to find out how the public would react to the scandals of his administration. In August of 1923, he died in San Francisco of a heart attack.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2008.38
Source or Donor
Adams, Alice Elizabeth Alger (1921-2007)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Joseph and Laura Algar and Raymond H. Adams
Made or Created
1919-1920
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Harding, Warren Gamaliel (1865-1923)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.9.2
Description
White campaign button with the inscription, "JESSE JACKSON NOW IS THE TIME 1984" in blue and red letters. Between the name and the slogan, a red and a blue line form a representation of a rainbow.
Context
Produced for Jesse Jackson's 1984 campaign for US President.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.9
Source or Donor
Donovan, Paul J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Valerie Ball, friend, activist, walker
Made or Created
1984
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Jackson, Jesse (b. 1941)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.9.4
Description
Red button with the white inscription, "Re-Elect Bernie 2004". Three lines go across the middle of the button, flanking the year. The "i" is dotted with a star, and there is a second star on the three-line stripe. There is a small oval maker's mark and the number 7 at the bottom of the button.
Context
Produced for Bernie Sanders' 2004 campaign for reelection to the US House of Representatives
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.9
Source or Donor
Donovan, Paul J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Valerie Ball, friend, activist, walker
Made or Created
2004
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Sanders, Bernard (b. 1941)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.9.5
Description
Blue button with the inscription, "1-800-LEAHY '86", in white text. In small white text around the edge of the button where it is turned to the back are the words, "Paid for by Patrick Leahy for Senator".
Context
Produced for Senator Patrick Leahy's 1986 campaign. The number provided voters with information and the option to donate to the campaign via credit card.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.9
Source or Donor
Donovan, Paul J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Valerie Ball, friend, activist, walker
Made or Created
1986
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Leahy, Patrick Joseph (b. 1940)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.1
Description
Round red button with the white inscription, "Amestoy ATTORNEY GENERAL".
Context
Made for one of Jeffrey Amestoy's campaign for Attorney General of Vermont.

https://iop.harvard.edu/fellows/jeffrey-amestoy
JEFFREY AMESTOY became the 38th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Vermont on January 31, 1997, appointed by Governor Howard Dean. (1997-2004) Amestoy began his career in public service in 1974 as legal counsel for the Governor's Commission on the Administration of Justice. He served as Assistant Attorney General from 1974-1981 where his responsibilities included prosecution of white-collar crime and judicial misconduct. After earning a Master's degree at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government in 1982 he was appointed Commissioner of Labor and Industry for Vermont where he served before running for Attorney General.

Amestoy was first elected Attorney General of Vermont in 1984 and was re-elected six times. In five of those elections he was the nominee of the Republican and Democratic parties. In 1992-1993 Amestoy served as President of the National Association of Attorneys General. In 1999 Amestoy was author of the Vermont Supreme Court's opinion in Baker v. State which held that same-sex couples were constitutionally entitled to the rights and benefits of marriage. The court ordered the Vermont legislature to craft a law that would satisfy the ruling, either by legalizing gay marriage or by creating an equivalent partnership structure.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1985-1997
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Amestoy, Jeffrey Lee (b. 1946)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.3
Description
Round red button with a yellow stripe across the center and the red inscription, "GARLAND".. Printed along edge in yellow letters is the label "Garland for Senate Campaign Committee Horn Co., Phila., PA 19126"
Context
Made for the senatorial campaign of Margaret "Peg" Garland. Margaret P. Garland was the Republican candidate for Lieutenant Governor in 1980, and lost to Democrat Madeleine Kunin.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Horn Company
Philadelphia
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Garland, Margaret P. (1922-2003)
Burlington
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.4
Description
Round blue button with the white inscription, "JIM Gilson for MAYOR".
Context
Made for the campaign of Republican Jim Gilson for mayor of Burlington in 1983. He lost to Independent Bernie Sanders. Judith Stephany was the Democratic candidate.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1983
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Gilson, James S. (1943-2009)
Burlington
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.6
Description
Round green button with the white inscription, "HOGAN FOR CONGRESS".
Context
There is no public record of Cornelius "Con" Hogan running for congress in the election archive of the Vermont Secretary of State. Nor did anyone else by the name of Hogan, according to records in the archive.
Con Hogan did run for governor in 2002 as an independent. He came in third. Republican Jim Douglas won and Democrat Doug Racine finished second.

Hogan's obituary from the Times Argus : https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/timesargus/obituary.aspx?n=cornelius-hogan&pid=190068775&fhid=5634

Cornelius "Con" Hogan died suddenly but peacefully at his home on Sunday morning, Aug. 26, 2018, with his wife of 53 years, Jeannette, at his side.
He was born and raised in Burlington, New Jersey, as the oldest of three brothers. Con went on to Rutgers University for undergraduate work and later received his M.G.A. from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.
His career spanned many areas of government, starting as a correction officer in New Jersey in 1965. Con climbed the ranks in the New Jersey corrections department, and was able to move to Vermont with his young family in 1972 to take the position of deputy commissioner of corrections. He later became commissioner of that department. During his time as commissioner, his proudest memory was the closing of the Windsor Prison.
Con also served as the secretary of the Agency of Human Services for the state of Vermont for nine years. Appointed at first by Gov. Richard Snelling, he continued in that position under Gov. Howard Dean until his retirement in 1999. After his retirement, he began a consulting business that took an international tract when he helped many other countries think about positive outcomes for the benefit of children, one of his favorite themes.
His final stint in government service was six years on the Green Mountain Care Board. Appointed to this position by Gov. Peter Shumlin at its inception, he was given the longest term available. Con fully retired from this position in October 2017 and enjoyed his retirement.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Hogan, Cornelius (1942-2018)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.7
Description
Small round red and blue button with the white inscription, "NIXON LODGE". The words are separated by a white stripe with blue five-point stars. The side edge has a manufacturers marks saying, "Green Duck Co., Chicago".
Context
Republican Richard M. Nixon (1913-1994) ran for the U.S. Presidency in 1960 with Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (1902-1985) as his running mate for Vice President. He lost to Democrat John F. Kennedy.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1959-1960
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Nixon, Richard Milhous (1913 - 1994)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.8
Description
Round blue button with the white inscription, "DOUG RACINE Lt. Governor".
Context
Made for one of the campaigns of Democrat Doug Racine for Lieutenant Governor of Vermont. He served in that position from 1997-2003.
Racine's political career also included two bids for governor. He came in second in a three-day race in 2002, defeated in that instance by Republican Jim Douglas. He tried again in 2010, coming in second in a five candidate Democratic primary. The narrow victory in that primary went to Peter Shumlin who was elected governor in the general election.
He also served many years in the state senate.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1997-2003
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Racine, Douglas (b. 1952)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.9
Description
Round white button with two blue lines crossing the center. The lines bisect an image of an elephant that is blue with white stars on the top and red on the bottom (the symbol of the Republican Party). Within the lines is the blue inscription, "ROLAND SEWARD", and the inscription, "for NATIONAL COMMITTEEMAN" rings the bottom edge of the button.
Context
Made for the campaign of Roland Quincy Seward for Republican national committeeman of Vermont.
Seward of East Wallingford was Republican party chair from 1961-63 and a Republican national committeeman from 1972-77 and was selected again in 1984, a year before his death from cancer in 1985.
Source: https://www.newspapers.com/clip/9582839/roland-q-seward-dies-oct-25-1985/
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1960
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Seward, Roland (1917-1985)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.10
Description
Round green button with the yellow inscription, "SEC OF Thomas STATE".
Context
Made for the campaign of Republican Richard Thomas (1937-1991) for Vermont Secretary of State. He served four terms from 1968-1977, and then lost to Democrat James Guest when he ran for re-election in 1976. He also ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 1971, losing in a Republican primary.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1968-1976
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Thomas, Richard C. (1937-1991)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.11
Description
Round white button with the inscription, "Evslin U.S. Senate". The first word is green, and the rest is white over a green strip.
Context
Made for the unsuccessful senatorial campaign of Tom Evslin in 1980. He came in third in the Republican primary. The winner, Stewart Ledbetter, lost to Democrat Patrick Leahy in the general election.

Evslin's career outside politics as described by this source: https://www.vitl.net/about/corporate-structure/board-directors/tom-evslin-0

"Tom Evslin's career has taken him from nerd to CEO to novelist and consultant with a brief stop as Vermont's transportation secretary in the early 1980's.

Tom recently retired as Chair of NG Advantage LLC, a company he and wife Mary cofounded, which trucks natural gas to industrial and commercial customers. The company was the first to bring the environmental and economic benefits of the clean-burning North American fuel to US customers beyond the reach of pipelines.

In the great recession Tom was volunteer chief recovery officer for Vermont responsible for coordinating the state's use of federal stimulus funds and focusing them on the priorities of universal broadband penetration, a smart electrical grid, e-health, and e-education. He also volunteered as CTO for the state.

Tom was cofounder chairman and CEO of ITXC Corp. The NASDAQ-listed company grew from startup in 1997 to the world's leading provider of wholesale VoIP .

He conceived, launched and ran AT&T's first ISP, AT&T WorldNet Service. WorldNet popularized all-you-can-eat flatrate monthly pricing for Internet access.

At Microsoft, Tom was responsible for the server products in Microsoft BackOffice including Microsoft Exchange and for Exchange's predecessor Microsoft Mail.

Tom went to Microsoft when key assets of Solutions, Inc. (a software company he founded) were sold to Microsoft. In the 1970's Solutions developed the first commercial EFT software for banks. In the 1980's Solutions was the first developer of commercial communications software for the Macintosh.

Tom was formerly on the boards of the Vermont Telecommunications Authority and the Vermont Clean Energy Development Fund. He is currently on the boards of The Vermont Journalism Trust and VITL. In the private sector, he is a board member of FeedBlitz LLC as well as NG Advantage LLC.

For many years Tom was policy chairman of the Voice on the Net Coalition and a member of the organization's board of directors, and was a member of the FCC’s 5th Technical Advisory Council.

Tom's has written a novel entitled, hackoff.com, a historic murder mystery set in the Internet bubble and rubble."
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1979-1980
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Evslin, Tom I. (b. 1943)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.13
Description
Round button that is white on the top half and red on the bottom half. The upper has the blue inscription "HACKETT" and the lower has the white inscription "BURGESS". A maker's mark along the edge reads "RUSSELL Badge Mfg., Wakefield, Mass."
Context
Made to support Republican Luther Hackett for Governor and Republican John Burgess for Lieutenant Governor, 1972. Hackett lost to Democrat Tom Salmon. Burgess was re-elected to his second term as lieutenant governor, having first been elected in 1970. In 1974 he ran for the U.S. House of Representatives, but lost in the Republican primary. He had also run unsuccessfully for attorney general in 1962, losing in the primary.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Russell Badge Manufacturing Company
1972
Wakefield
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Hackett, Luther Chaffee (1911-2008), Burgess, John S. (1920 - 2007), Hackett, Luther Frederick (1933-2018)
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.14
Description
Round white button with the blue inscription, "VOTE MULLIN U.S. SENATE".
Context
Made for the 1980 U.S. senatorial campaign of Republican James E. Mullin. He came in second to Stewart Ledbetter, who subsequently lost to Democrat Patrick Leahy in the general election.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.13.15
Description
Round blue button with the white inscription "MADELINE". There is a maker's mark along the edge that reads, "J. Freides Co., Mamaroneck, NY 10543".
Context
This is not a pin for Madeleine Kunin, but it isn't clear whose pin it was. There was a Madeline Harwood, who want for the U.S. House in 1974 but lost in the Republican primary. She ran for state representative from Bennnington-Rutland 2 and won in 1988, but lost her bid for re-election in 1990. Or it could be a pin for Madeline Manahan, a Democrat elected as state representative from the Franklin-2 district in 1994 and 1996.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.13
Source or Donor
Toby Knox & Associates LLC.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1979-1991
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.1
Description
Round orange pin with the black inscription, "Fred for U.S. Senate from Vermont". A maker's mark is stamped on the back and reads, "BADGE-A-MINIT 1-800-223-4103".
Context
Made for the campaign of Fred Tuttle for US Senate in 1998.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
1998
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
Tuttle, Frederick Herman (1919-2003)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2010.11.46
Description
White campaign button with the red inscription, "Another Vermonter for Kunin".
Context
Produced for one of Madeline Kunin's campaigns for Governor of Vermont, 1985-1991.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2010.11
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Collected by Staff
Made or Created
1985-1991
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2010.11.47
Description
White campaign button with the red inscription, "Another Vermonter for Kunin".
Context
Produced for one of Madeline Kunin's campaigns for Governor of Vermont, 1985-1991.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2010.11
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Collected by Staff
Made or Created
1985-1991
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.4
Description
Round red button with the white inscription, "Bernie '92". In tiny white letters around under side of edge is the inscription, "SANDERS FOR CONGRESS BOX 391, BURLINGTON, VT 05402 DONNELLY/COLT BUTTONS 203-455-9621"
Context
Made for Bernie Sanders' campaign for the US House of Representatives in 1992. In that election he defeated Republican Tim Philbin and Democrat Lewis Young.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Donnelly/Colt Progressive Resources
1992
Hampton
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Sanders, Bernard (b. 1941)
Burlington
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.5
Description
Round blue button with three green mountains across the bottom quarter. It has the white inscription, "Susan Sweetser FOR CONGRESS" on the blue, and "'96" on the mountains. In tiny print along the reverse edge of the top is the inscription, "PD. FOR BY SWEETSER '96 COMM. 139 MAIN STREET MONTPELIER, VERMONT 05602 (802) 229-1996".
Context
Made for Republican Susan Sweetser's unsuccessful campaign for US House of Representatives in 1996. She lost to Bernie Sanders, the independent incumbent. Jack Long, a Democrat, was also on the ballot.
Sweetser had previously served two terms in the Vermont Senate as one of six senators from Chittenden County. She tried to return to the state senate in 1998, but failed to make the cut.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1996
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Sweetser, Susan W. (1958- )
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.6
Description
Round white button with the blue inscription, "JACK LONG '96 Democrat for Congress.
Context
Made for the unsuccessful campaign of Jack Long for US House of Representatives in 1996.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1996
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.7
Description
Round white button with the green inscription "Bill Gray U.S. SENATE". There is a small maker's logo at the bottom center.
Context
Made for the unsuccessful senatorial campaign of Democrat Bill Gray in 1988. He lost to Republican Jim Jeffords.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1988
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Gray, William B. (1942-1994)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.10
Description
Round white button with the blue and red inscription, "TAKE BACK VERMONT VOTE REPUBLICAN" and an image of an elephant that is blue with stars on the top half and red on the bottom half.
Context
Made for the 2000 election in opposition to Civil Unions.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
2000
Lexicon
Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.11
Description
Round white button with a light-green silhouette of an evergreen tree and the dark green inscription, "Hogan for Governor'. The tiny inscription, "Paid for by Hogan for Governor, P.O. Box 466, Barre, VT Douglas Hull, Treasurer" rings the bottom edge.
Context
Made for the unsuccessful gubernatorial campaign of Cornelius "Con" Hogan in 2002. He ran as an independent, having previously identified as a Republican. The Republican candidate and eventual winner was Jim Douglas with 103,436 votes. The Democrat, Doug Racine, received 97,565 votes and Hogan received 22,353.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
2002
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Hogan, Cornelius (1942-2018)
Barre City, Plainfield
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.12
Description
Round white button with narrow green border, color photograph of a man in an indigenous American feathered war bonnet, and the inscription "HOMER ST. FRANCIS FOR GOVERNOR". The button is formed by two sheets of plastic sandwiching a round piece of paper.
Context
Made for the gubernatorial campaign of Homer St. Francis in 1990, but the Vermont Secretary of State doesn't list him as a candidate in any primary or the general election that year. In fact, he isn't listed as a candidate in any election in that state database.

Excerpt from the obituary of Homer St. Francis : https://www.cowasuck.org/obits/st-francis_h.html

"The great Chief Homer St. Francis of the Missisquoi Band passed over on July 7th 2001. The People of all Bands and groups of the greater Abenaki Nation of People have lost a great leader and warrior. The Missisquoi and Cowasuck Bands will miss him.

He died conscious, peaceful, and surrounded by family at his camp in Berkshire, said his daughter, April Rushlow, who became the tribe's acting chief in 1996.

Homer St. Francis, the fiery and uncompromising leader of Vermont's Abenaki, died Saturday (July 7, 2001). He was 66.

St. Francis fought lymphoma for nine years, and also suffered from emphysema and diabetes. A descendant of Chief Graylocks, who launched raids in Massachusetts and southern Vermont in the 1700s, St. Francis was the chief of the St. Francis/Sokoki Band of the Abenaki Nation of Missisquoi from 1974-1980 and again from 1987 until 1996, when he handed affairs over to Rushlow.

"He had a vision for the Abenakis and never backed down, never compromised, never gave up," said Fred Wiseman, a Swanton Abenaki who directs the tribal museum in town, and chairs the humanities program at Johnson State College. "I think he's been the central person within the last 20, 25 years in the renaissance of the Abenaki."
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1990
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
St. Francis, Homer (1935-2001)
Swanton
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.13
Description
Round yellow button with the green inscription, "JIM MILNE Secretary of State". There is a maker's mark on the back reading, "Badg-a-Minit 1-800-223-4103".
Context
Made for the campaign of Jim Milne for Secretary of State.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1994-1999
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Barre City
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.14
Description
Round red button with the white inscription, "MENDICINO FOR SECRETARY OF STATE".
Context
Made for the campaign of Jane Daley Mendicino for Secretary of State in 1994. She ran in the Republican primary and lost to Jim Milne who went on to win the election, defeating Democrat Don Hooper.

Jane Mendicino of Essex Junction served four terms in the Vermont House of Representatives before her run for Secretary of State. She was first elected in 1986.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1994
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
Mendicino, Jane Daley
Essex Junction
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.15
Description
Round blue button with the light green inscription "DON HOOPER FOR Secretary of State 92". There are several horizontal lines running across the button.
Context
Made for the successful campaign of Democrat Don Hooper for Secretary of State in 1992. Hooper, of Brookfield, Vermont, had previously served four terms in the in the Vermont House of Representatives for four terms. He ran for re-election in 1994, but lost to Republican Jim Milne.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1992
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Hooper, Donald M. (1945- )
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.16
Description
Round white button with the green inscription, "POIRIER For State Senate"
Context
Made for the one of Paul Poirier's campaigns for Vermont state senate. Poirier, of Barre, Vermont, ran many times for the state legislature, starting with an unsuccessful bid for a House seat in 1986. He ran several times for the state senate in the early 1990s without success, but won election to the House in 1996 and again in 1998. He tried again for the state senate in 2000 and lost. He tried unsuccessfully to return to the House in 2006 but was successful in 2008, winning re-election in 2010, 2012 and 2014 before losing in 2016.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
2000
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
Poirier, Paul N. (b. 1948)
Vermont
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.18
Description
Round red button with the white inscription, "I'm For CONNIE". The first two words are in a script-style font.
Context
Made for the campaign of Connie Johnson for Vermont representative.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Campaign,Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Johnson, Connie
Barre City
Campaign Button
Name/Title
Campaign Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.19
Description
Blue button with the white inscription, "Elect CPA BOB THORN Auditor". The pin is formed to two pieces of clear plastic surrounding a round piece of paper. There is a white sticker on the back with the address of the manufacturer and the handwritten inscription, "Jim, Thanks for all of your help. Bob".
Context
Made for the campaign of Bob Thorn for Auditor of Vermont. Given by him to Jim Milne.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Mugshots
1985-1995
Manchester Center
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Paper
Relationships
Milne, James F. (b. 1950), Thorn, Robert
Vermont
Campaign Pin
Interpretative Labels
Campaign Pin, 1925 Metal, silk Gift of Harold G. Rugg, 1955.25 Vermonter Calvin Coolidge became President of the United States in 1923 when President Warren G. Harding died while in office. He ran in his own right in 1925 against Democrat John W. Davis and Progressive Robert LaFollette. His slogan, "Keep Cool and Keep Coolidge" promised stability and continuity. He won handily with 54 percent of the popular vote and 382 electoral votes. Though Coolidge had spent most of his political career in Massachusetts -- serving in a variety of political offices including Governor -- his base of support in Vermont was strong and he won his home state with 78 percent of the vote. This pin speaks to that local pride, explicitly identifying Coolidge as a Vermonter and urging the reader to "elect him again."
Name/Title
Campaign Pin
Entry/Object ID
1955.25
Description
Pin with medallion suspended by a ribbon. The upper gilt pin has the Vermont state seal above a rectangular space with the word "Vermont" on it. Under that is a scroll saying "The Green Mountain State". The ribbon is red, white, and blue striped. The gilt medallion is round with a round photograph of Calvin Coolidge attached at the center front. Around the picture is text "Vermonter elect him again" and "President Calvin Coolidge".
Context
Produced for the re-election campaign of Calvin Coolidge for US President, 1925.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1955.25
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1925
Lexicon
Pin, Campaign,Medal, Political,Pin, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Silk
Relationships
Coolidge, Calvin (1872-1933)
Vermont
Campaign Sign
Interpretative Labels
Campaign sign, 1992 Windham County Plywood, paint Gift of John H. Carnahan, 1999.51 This playful and unique campaign sign was created by some of Peter Shumlin's friends and neighbors in Putney for his first campaign for State Senate in 1992. Shumlin served in the Vermont Senate from 1993 to 2003 and 2007 to 2011. He left the senate upon his election as Vermont Governor in 2011.
Name/Title
Campaign Sign
Entry/Object ID
1999.51
Description
Wooden profile of a man cut from a piece of plywood and painted black. The man is shown with his head pushed slightly forward, a short haircut, and a large nose.
Context
These signs were placed anonymously throughout Windham County for Peter Shumlin's 1992 campaign for State Senate.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1999.51
Source or Donor
Carnahan, John H.
Made or Created
1992-1999
Windham County
Lexicon
Sign, Yard,Sign, Advertising,Advertising Media,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Shumlin, Peter Elliot (b. 1956)
Putney
Campaign Sign
Name/Title
Campaign Sign
Entry/Object ID
2007.32.6
Description
White paperboard sign printed with the red inscription, "VOTE / GOOD SCHOOLS THE / [heart shape] / of Burlington / YES".
Acquisition
Accession Number
2007.32
Source or Donor
Acomb, Merlin Lloyd
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
2006
Dimensions
Materials
Paperboard
Relationships
Burlington
Commemorative Plate
Name/Title
Commemorative Plate
Entry/Object ID
1999.50.63
Description
Clear glass plate with a wide border. The US Senate seal is engraved at the top of the border, and the signature of George D. Aiken is engraved at the bottom of the border.
Context
George Aiken represented Vermont in the US Senate from 1941 to 1975.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1999.50
Source or Donor
Nelson, Beatrice Aldrich
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1920-1935
Lexicon
Plate, Commemorative,Commemorative,Memorabilia,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass
Relationships
Coutts, Flora (1897-1983), Aiken, George David (1892-1984)
Desk
Name/Title
Desk
Entry/Object ID
1976.54
Description
Narrow wooden desk with two lifting writing surfaces. The desk has a slanted top that opens into two shallow storage boxes. The desk sits on H-shaped piers, supported by a stretcher across the bottom. The piers are stained a dark color than the top of the desk and are scrolled and decorated with applied, carved bull's eyes. The right side of the desk has two metal plaques, one reading, "Seat of Consuela Northrup Bailey 1951 First lady speaker of the House", and the other reading, "Seat of Miss Edna L. Beard First lady member 1921".
Context
Used by both Edna Beard, first female member of the Vermont State House of Representatives, and Consuela Northrup Bailey, first female Speaker of the House of the Vermont State House of Representatives
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.54
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Collected by Staff
Lexicon
Desk,Storage & Display Furniture,Furniture,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Brass
Relationships
Bailey, Consuelo Northrup, Beard, Edna
Vermont State House
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2020.5.3
Description
Black velvet dress with large, white satin collar. The dress features a wide, surplice neckline decorated with a large, shawl-like collar. The collar follows the entire surplice, and falls almost to the elbows at the sides.

The bodice features a bias cut that is gathered at the proper left hip, where it is accentuated by a self-fabric bow held with a crystal pin.
Context
Worn by Governor Madeleine Kunin, the first female governor of Vermont,to her third Inaugural Ball
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.5
Source or Donor
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
2
Velvet, Satin
Made or Created
1989
Relationships
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Montpelier, Vermont State House
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2020.5.2
Description
Dark blue dress consisting of a nylon velvet bodice and blue-black shot polyester taffeta skirt. The bodice is decorated with a large bow at the center front in the same taffeta. The long sleeves sit slightly off the shoulder, and the fullness of the upper arm is gathered around elastic to create a "puffed" effect. The narrow cuffs are held with a single blue button each.
Context
Worn by Governor Madeleine Kunin, the first female governor of Vermont, to her second Inaugural Ball
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.5
Source or Donor
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
2
Velvet, Taffeta
Made or Created
1987
Relationships
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Montpelier, Vermont State House
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2020.5.1a-c
Description
Burgundy velvet dress with overskirt and shawl. The dress features a slightly dropped waist and puffed upper sleeves, reminiscent of mutton-chop sleeves. The bodice is decorated with two applique vines in pink chiffon, accentuated with clear crystals. The cuffs of the long sleeves are decorated with the same pink chiffon held in a pleated ruffle.

The over skirt is made in a narrow A-line cut and features a wide waistband decorated in an appliqued, curly line with a stylized daisy at the center. The hem of the skirt is split in the center front, allowing the skirt of the dress to show.

The shawl consists of a long rectangle of the same burgundy velvet as the dress and skirt, lined with the same pink chiffon used to decorate the bodice.
Context
Worn by Governor Madeleine Kunin, the first female governor of Vermont, to her first Inaugural Ball
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.5
Source or Donor
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
2
Fabric
Velvet
Material
Polyester
Made or Created
1985
Relationships
Kunin, Madeleine May (b. 1933)
Montpelier, Vermont State House
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
5.49
Description
Navy blue silk flag with hand-painted seal of the State of Vermont in the center. The seal is bordered in gold scroll decoration within a laurel-type wreath of two pine branches. The inscription "Freedom Vermont and Unity" is painted beneath the seal on a pink ribbon. The crest is a deer or elk head emerging from a blue and gold twist. The seal itself shows a country scene of a large evergreen tree in a field or pasture, with a cow, a pond, and sheaves of wheat in front of a mountain range. The flag is bordered on three sides by gold fringe.
Context
Said to be the artist's model for the first Vermont state flag.
Acquisition
Accession Number
5.49
Source or Donor
Vermont, State of
Acquisition Method
Loan
Credit Line
Adjutant General's Office
Lexicon
Flag,Organizational Objects,Ceremonial Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Vermont
Magnet
Name/Title
Magnet
Entry/Object ID
2000.31.1
Description
Round, pink button with a magnet glued to the back that reads, "I speak for GOD".
Context
Found in Vermont State House during the 2000 Session of the Vermont Legislature. Likely produced in favor of Civil Unions as a parody of counter arguments.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.31
Source or Donor
Vermont State House
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
2000
LaSalle
Lexicon
Magnet,Instrument, Magnetic,Electrical & Magnetic Measurement Devices,Electrical & Magnetic T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic, Magnet
Relationships
Vermont State House
Magnet
Name/Title
Magnet
Entry/Object ID
2000.31.2
Description
Round, blue button with a magnet glued to the back that reads, "Politicians for Heterosexual privilege".
Context
Found in Vermont State House during the 2000 Session of the Vermont Legislature. Likely produced in favor of Civil Unions as a parody of counter arguments.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.31
Source or Donor
Vermont State House
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
2000
Lexicon
Magnet,Instrument, Magnetic,Electrical & Magnetic Measurement Devices,Electrical & Magnetic T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Metal, Plastic, Magnet
Relationships
Vermont State House
Magnet
Name/Title
Magnet
Entry/Object ID
2000.31.3
Description
Round, white magnet with the inscription, "If civil unions pass, my wife will run off with a lesbian", in black sans-serif text. The magnet is made as a button on the front with a magnet glued to the back.
Context
Found in Vermont State House during the 2000 Session of the Vermont Legislature. Likely produced in favor of Civil Unions as a parody of counter arguments.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.31
Source or Donor
Vermont State House
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
2000
Lexicon
Magnet,Instrument, Magnetic,Electrical & Magnetic Measurement Devices,Electrical & Magnetic T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic, Magnet
Relationships
Vermont State House
Magnet
Name/Title
Magnet
Entry/Object ID
2000.31.4
Description
Round, pink magnet with the inscription, "Quell those nagging doubts about yourself by denouncing gays & lesbians", in black italicized text. The magnet is made as a button on the front with a magnet glued to the back.
Context
Found in Vermont State House during the 2000 Session of the Vermont Legislature. Likely produced in favor of Civil Unions as a parody of counter arguments.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.31
Source or Donor
Vermont State House
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
2000
Lexicon
Magnet,Instrument, Magnetic,Electrical & Magnetic Measurement Devices,Electrical & Magnetic T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Metal, Plastic, Magnet
Relationships
Vermont State House
Magnet
Name/Title
Magnet
Entry/Object ID
2000.31.5
Description
Round, pink button with a magnet glued to the back that reads, "real macho men don't vote for civil unions bills".
Context
Found in Vermont State House during the 2000 Session of the Vermont Legislature. Likely produced in favor of Civil Unions as a parody of counter arguments.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.31
Source or Donor
Vermont State House
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
2000-2000
Lexicon
Magnet,Instrument, Magnetic,Electrical & Magnetic Measurement Devices,Electrical & Magnetic T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic, Magnet
Relationships
Vermont State House
Magnet
Name/Title
Magnet
Entry/Object ID
2000.31.6
Description
Round, lavender button with a magnet glued to the back that reads, "If civil unions pass, my husband will elope with a gay man".
Context
Found in Vermont State House during the 2000 Session of the Vermont Legislature. Likely produced in favor of Civil Unions as a parody of counter arguments.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.31
Source or Donor
Vermont State House
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
2000-2000
Lexicon
Magnet,Instrument, Magnetic,Electrical & Magnetic Measurement Devices,Electrical & Magnetic T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic, Magnet
Relationships
Vermont State House
Magnet
Name/Title
Magnet
Entry/Object ID
2000.31.7
Description
Round yellow button with a magnet glued onto the back that reads, "Gays & Lesbians caused my Divorce".
Context
Found in Vermont State House during the 2000 Session of the Vermont Legislature. Likely produced in favor of Civil Unions as a parody of counter arguments.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.31
Source or Donor
Vermont State House
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
2000
Lexicon
Magnet,Instrument, Magnetic,Electrical & Magnetic Measurement Devices,Electrical & Magnetic T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic, Magnet
Relationships
Vermont State House
Membership Ribbon
Name/Title
Membership Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1969.21
Description
Medal-style pin consisting of two parts with a connecting ribbon. The upper part shows an eagle and two hammers or gavels with the inscription, "Jr. O.U.A.M." (Junior Order of United American Mechanics). The lower portion is shaped into a shield with a Masonic imagery in the center. The ribbon is the American flag.

Gold and silver jewel Masonic pin with hand-written history of the original recipient and his family. Housed in small leather case. Stamped "14K", "10K" and "sterling silver". Flag in center is enameled. Over the flag is a banner that reads, "Jr. O.U.A.M" which stands for Junior Order of United American Mechanics. The pin belonged to Claude Cheney Deval (1897-1963) of West Burke, Vt. He was a general storekeeper and postmaster in West Burke.
Context
Owned by Claude Cheney Deval, a shopkeeper and postmaster from West Burke, Vermont. The Order of United American Mechanics was an anti-Catholic American Nativist organization.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1969.21
Source or Donor
Bean, Clayton Arthur
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
20th Century
Lexicon
Ribbon, Membership,Ribbon, Insignia,Insignia,Status Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Gold, Silver, Enamel
Relationships
Duval, Claude Cheney (1897-1963), Junior Order United American Mechanics
West Burke
Nametag
Name/Title
Nametag
Entry/Object ID
2010.15.2
Description
Rectangular plastic nametag with a black front. The front is inscribed, "JESSICA VANDEREN / WILLIAMSTOWN", in white. A hinged metal pinback is hot glued to the reverse.
Use
Worn by Jessica VanDeren while working as a Legislative Page in the Vermont Statehouse in 1988.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2010.15
Source or Donor
Herlihy, Jessica VanDeren
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
New Hermes, Inc.
1988
Duluth
Lexicon
Nametag,Personal Identification,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic, Metal
Relationships
Herlihy, Jessica VanDeren
Williamstown, Vermont State House
Nightstick
Interpretative Labels
Watchman’s Club, 1935-1936 Harry L. Hall (1878-1956) West Rutland, Vermont Burned wood Gift of William Hall, #2018.19 The lengthy and violent Vermont Marble strike of 1935 and 1936 gained national attention and, though the strikers gained no concessions, led to federal labor legislation. Harry Hall served as a night watchman at the West Rutland facility during the time of the strike. He vividly documented the strike on his “billy club” with a woodburning tool. Imagery shows bridges dynamited, strikers beaten, trains derailed, and the leader of the company and strikers depicted as a pig and rat respectively. A summary of the strike can be found near the handle of the club and reads, “power lines blasted, RR track blasted, bridge blasted, windows stoned, property damaged, street fights, heads cracked, a good time had by all.”
Name/Title
Nightstick
Entry/Object ID
2018.19
Description
Wooden nightstick decoratively burnt with scenes from the 1935-36 strike at the Vermont Marble Company. Decorations include the initials "HLH", and the label "Vermont Marble Co./Strike of 35/36/Battles at Barrett Hill N. W. Rutland" inside a scroll with scenes of rioting and violence above and beneath. The club shows trains and bridges being dynamited, participants from various factions beating each other, illustrations of the types of clubs used, a man mourning at a large headstone, a detailed drawing a muscular man beating an elderly man, a pig with a man's head, and a man smoking a pipe and looking through a hand-held telescope. There is a list of names of the participants of the strike from both sides, and a summary of events: "power lines blasted/RR track blasted/bridge blasted/windows stoned/property damaged/street fights/heads cracked/a good time had by all".
There is a leather strap around the stick.
Context
Owned and embellished by Harry L. Hall (1878-1956), night watchman for Vermont Marble Company during the 1935-1936 strike. He decorated the nightstick with events from the strike.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2018.19
Source or Donor
Hall, William
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Harry L. Hall
Made or Created
Hall, Harry L. (1878-1956)
1935-1936
West Rutland
Lexicon
Nightstick,Club,Percussive Weapons,Armaments,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Leather
Relationships
Vermont Marble Company
Proctor
Occupational Pin
Name/Title
Occupational Pin
Entry/Object ID
2010.15.3
Description
Small metal pin consisting of two parts connected by a chain. The larger part is the Vermont state seal within a green enamel frame with the inscription, "THE STATE OF VERMONT", and a green enamel banner beneath that says, "LEGISLATIVE PAGE". The smaller part is the number 88 in gold. The two are connected by a short, gold chain.
Use
Worn by Jessica VanDeren while working as a Legislative Page in the Vermont Statehouse in 1988.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2010.15
Source or Donor
Herlihy, Jessica VanDeren
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1988
Lexicon
Pin, Occupational,Pin, Lapel,Pin, Insignia,Pin, Clothing,Insignia,Clothing Accessories,Status Symbols,Clothing,Personal Symbols,Category 03: Personal Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Herlihy, Jessica VanDeren
Vermont State House, Williamstown
Overcoat
Name/Title
Overcoat
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.12
Description
Full-length navy overcoat. The heavy wool overcoat opens down the center front, and has a circular flap from the neckline to the elbow. Instead of sleeves, the coat has side slits that open beneath the upper flap. The wide falling collar is black velvet.
Context
Worn by Capt. John Barrett of Grafton, VT to deliver the State of Vermont's electoral votes to Washington DC during the 1840 election of William Henry Harrison.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1947.6
Source or Donor
Barrett, Mary X.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Overcoat
Male
Material
Wool
Made or Created
1840
Lexicon
Coat,Overcoat,Main Garments,Outerwear,Clothing,Category 03: Personal Objects
Relationships
Barrett, John (1776-1856)
Grafton
Pen
Name/Title
Pen
Entry/Object ID
1927.12
Description
Fountain pen consisting of a long, slender wooden handle with a metal Accomdating Holder into which a metal nib is inserted.
Context
Used by Paul Dillingham to sign Bill 2 on the Ratification of the Amendment to the US Constitution prohibiting slavery in the United States, March 9, 1865.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1927.12
Source or Donor
Unknown
Acquisition Method
Unknown
Made or Created
Accommodating Pen Holder
1865
Lexicon
Pen,Writing Devices,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dillingham, Paul (1799-1891)
Vermont
Civil War
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
2003.15.8
Description
Round white button with the black inscription, "ARE YOU WITH US? NO OLEO IN 1900 CHICAGO." From the button hangs a short ribbon printed with a representation of the United States flag.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2003.15
Source or Donor
Anderson, W. Thomas
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Parker Perry
Made or Created
1900
Lexicon
Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ribbon, Metal
Relationships
Stowe, Morrisville
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.58.25
Description
Square button with red ground on the upper half and black ground on the lower half. The inscription "Vermonters need a Livable Wage" in white text spans the entire button. The back has a cardboard insert.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.58
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Donnelly/Colt Progressive Resources
Hampton
Lexicon
Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cardboard
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.58.26
Description
Square button with red ground on the upper half and black ground on the lower half. The inscription "Vermonters need a Livable Wage" in white text spans the entire button. The back has a cardboard insert.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.58
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Donnelly/Colt Progressive Resources
Hampton
Lexicon
Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cardboard
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.9.7
Description
White button with the inscription, "VERMONTERS DECLARE YOUR ENERGY INDEPENDENCE" in blue and red letters. There is a logo for the movement that is a lowercase E with an arrow as the center line.
Context
Made for the locally based "Declare you Energy Independence" movement, which pushed for the commercial use of solar energy as an alternative for fossil fuels.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.9
Source or Donor
Donovan, Paul J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Valerie Ball, friend, activist, walker
Made or Created
1970-1980
Lexicon
Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.9.10
Description
Round pink metal button with the black inscription, "I SUPPORT THE VERMONT WOMEN'S HEALTH CENTER.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.9
Source or Donor
Donovan, Paul J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Valerie Ball, friend, activist, walker
Lexicon
Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.9.12
Description
Round button striped red, white, and blue with the inscription, "VSEA I BELONG DO YOU?"
Context
Vermont State Employee's Association (VSEA) is a labor union representing public sector workers in Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.9
Source or Donor
Donovan, Paul J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Valerie Ball, friend, activist, walker
Lexicon
Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont State Employee's Association
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.9.22
Description
White square metal button with the black inscription, "SUPPORT THE RIGHTS OF ALL VERMONTERS" over a pink triangle.
Context
Made to show support for gay rights. The pink triangle was originally a symbol used in Nazi concentration camps to identify gay men, but it was reclaimed in the 1970s by gay activists as a rallying symbol for equal rights.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.9
Source or Donor
Donovan, Paul J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Valerie Ball, friend, activist, walker
Made or Created
Colt Buttons
Hampton
Lexicon
Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.32.16
Description
Round yellow button with the black inscription, "I'm a PROUD SENIOR Vermonter."
Context
No information found as to who produced this button or for what purpose.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.32
Source or Donor
Dopp, Sarah L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
2013.52.18
Description
Round button with a wide red border and a red line spanning the white center. Beneath the line is the black silhouette of a fighter jet, and on the line is the white inscription, "STOPtheF35.COM".
Context
Made to oppose the basing of the F-35, a Joint Strike Fighter at the Vermont Air National Guard Station in Burlington, Vermont.

The pin was produced Save Our Skies.org.

"Our mission is to cancel the basing of the F-35A Joint Strike Fighter at the Vermont Air National Guard Station located at the Burlington, Vermont International Airport. We oppose the basing in order to protect the over 6,600 people living around the airport from the dangers associated with its basing. Some of these include adverse health impacts on children and adults, cognitive impairment in children, reduction in property values, classification of thousands of affordable homes as being unsuitable for residential use, disproportional negative impacts to minorities and people with low incomes, risk of loss of life from crashes, and nuclear threats from and to Vermont."

The group was unable to stop the planes from coming. Below is a story from Oct. 14, 2020 Seven Days about their arrival:

"The Vermont Air National Guard on Wednesday welcomed the 20th and final F-35 fighter jet to its fleet, making it the first base in the country to receive its full complement of the state-of-the-art aircraft.

"Today marks another notable milestone, and it also presents a clear reminder of the awesome responsibility that we've all been entrusted with," 158th Fighter Wing Commander Col. David Shevchik told dozens of Air Guard members gathered on the tarmac at Burlington International Airport, where he had just made a smooth — and loud — landing after a three-hour flight from Fort Worth, Texas.

The final jet's arrival comes 13 months after the first F-35s landed in Vermont and brings VTANG one step closer to becoming a deployable unit. But while Wednesday's event was celebratory in nature, Shevchik took time to address persistent complaints from critics who say the new jets are far more loud and disruptive than their predecessors, the F-16s.

"We know there's some that have struggled with our conversion," Shevchik said.

Controversy shadowed the decision to base the jets in Burlington for years leading up to their arrival. And the complaints have only increased now that the noisy new neighbors are here."
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.52
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
2010-2013
Lexicon
Button,Fastener, Textile,Notion,Needleworking Equipment,Textileworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont National Guard
Burlington
Political Button
Name/Title
Political Button
Entry/Object ID
1954.15.2g
Description
Cream-colored metal button with the blue inscription, "REMEMBER THE MAIN DEWEY? WELL WE GUESS WE DO"
Context
Admiral George Dewey, of Montpelier, Vermont, was a celebrated war hero during the Spanish-American War. This was owned by his brother, Charles Dewey.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1954.15
Source or Donor
Dewey, Breta Bringham
Acquisition Method
Loan
Lexicon
Button, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dewey, George (1837-1917), Dewey, Charles (1828-1905)
Montpelier
Spanish-American War
Political Ribbon
Name/Title
Political Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1946.15.12
Description
White satin-woven silk ribbon printed in black with a bust of Abraham Lincoln between two American flags with an eagle. The image is labeled "HONEST ABE." Above the image is the inscription, "National Republican Nominee for OUR NEXT PRESIDENT." Below the image is a poem that reads, "The "Slaveocrats" must "pull up stakes" / Before the LINCOLN "Wide Awakes;" / For ABE'S the man whom we intend / Next Spring to WASHINGTON to send ; / Then "DEMOCRATS" and "UNION" men / May rest four years--THEN TRY AGAIN." The name "William" is handwritten in pencil at the top of the ribbon. The name "Cas gilchrist" is written on the reverse.
Context
Made for the 1860 Republican National Convention, during which Abraham Lincoln was given the presidential nomination. Worn by James Richardson of Warren, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1946.15
Source or Donor
Moore, Kate R.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1860
Lexicon
Ribbon, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Woven Textile Details
Satin Weave
Warp Materials
Silk
Weft Materials
Silk
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865), Richardson, James
Political Ribbon
Name/Title
Political Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1959.53.8
Description
Medal consisting of a bar, a ribbon, and a medallion. The bar is rectangular and says "VERMONT". The green grosgrain ribbon is printed in gold with the inscription, McKINLY 1897 INAUGURAL". The medallion is shield shaped and molded with the Vermont state seal and motto.
Context
Worn to the inauguration of William McKinley as President of the United States in 1897.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1959.53
Source or Donor
Prouty, Edward H. (1871-1966)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1897
Lexicon
Medal, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Silk
Relationships
McKinley, William (1843-1901)
Political Ribbon
Name/Title
Political Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
2013.14.9
Description
Bar pin with green ribbon and medal. The rectangular bar pen has the word "VERMONT" on the front with a long swivel pin on the back. The ribbon is stamped with the inscription "MICKINLEY 1897 INAUGURAL" in gold. The medal is in the shape of a shield and molded with the Vermont state seal.
Context
Worn to the inauguration of William McKinley as President of the United States by Charlotte (Lottie) Brooks Simonds (1852-1906) of Burlington, Vermont. This pin was attached to the dress (2013.14.1) which Charlotte wore to the inaugural. She was the wife of Edward Simonds(1851-1927)

From https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/presidents/william-mckinley/

"William McKinley was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination on September 14, 1901, after leading the nation to victory in the Spanish-American War and raising protective tariffs to promote American industry.

At the 1896 Republican Convention, in time of depression, the wealthy Cleveland businessman Marcus Alonzo Hanna ensured the nomination of his friend William McKinley as “the advance agent of prosperity.” The Democrats, advocating the “free and unlimited coinage of both silver and gold”–which would have mildly inflated the currency–nominated William Jennings Bryan.

While Hanna used large contributions from eastern Republicans frightened by Bryan’s views on silver, McKinley met delegations on his front porch in Canton, Ohio. He won by the largest majority of popular votes since 1872.

Born in Niles, Ohio, in 1843, McKinley briefly attended Allegheny College, and was teaching in a country school when the Civil War broke out. Enlisting as a private in the Union Army, he was mustered out at the end of the war as a brevet major of volunteers. He studied law, opened an office in Canton, Ohio, and married Ida Saxton, daughter of a local banker.

At 34, McKinley won a seat in Congress. His attractive personality, exemplary character, and quick intelligence enabled him to rise rapidly. He was appointed to the powerful Ways and Means Committee. Robert M. La Follette, Sr., who served with him, recalled that he generally “represented the newer view,” and “on the great new questions .. was generally on the side of the public and against private interests.”

During his 14 years in the House, he became the leading Republican tariff expert, giving his name to the measure enacted in 1890. The next year he was elected Governor of Ohio, serving two terms.

When McKinley became President, the depression of 1893 had almost run its course and with it the extreme agitation over silver. Deferring action on the money question, he called Congress into special session to enact the highest tariff in history.

In the friendly atmosphere of the McKinley Administration, industrial combinations developed at an unprecedented pace. Newspapers caricatured McKinley as a little boy led around by “Nursie” Hanna, the representative of the trusts. However, McKinley was not dominated by Hanna; he condemned the trusts as “dangerous conspiracies against the public good.”

Not prosperity, but foreign policy, dominated McKinley’s Administration. Reporting the stalemate between Spanish forces and revolutionaries in Cuba, newspapers screamed that a quarter of the population was dead and the rest suffering acutely. Public indignation brought pressure upon the President for war. Unable to restrain Congress or the American people, McKinley delivered his message of neutral intervention in April 1898. Congress thereupon voted three resolutions tantamount to a declaration of war for the liberation and independence of Cuba.

In the 100-day war, the United States destroyed the Spanish fleet outside Santiago harbor in Cuba, seized Manila in the Philippines, and occupied Puerto Rico.

“Uncle Joe” Cannon, later Speaker of the House, once said that McKinley kept his ear so close to the ground that it was full of grasshoppers. When McKinley was undecided what to do about Spanish possessions other than Cuba, he toured the country and detected an imperialist sentiment. Thus the United States annexed the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico.

In 1900, McKinley again campaigned against Bryan. While Bryan inveighed against imperialism, McKinley quietly stood for “the full dinner pail.”

His second term, which had begun auspiciously, came to a tragic end in September 1901. He was standing in a receiving line at the Buffalo Pan-American Exposition when a deranged anarchist shot him twice. He died eight days later.:"
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.14
Source or Donor
Follet, Elsie Simonds
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1897
Lexicon
Pin, Political,Ribbon, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Silk
Relationships
McKinley, William (1843-1901)
Burlington, Washington
Political Ribbon
Name/Title
Political Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1957.25.76e
Description
Ivory satin-woven silk ribbon printed in black with two bust portraits of men in oval frames. The man on the left has a bear, and the man on the right is cleanshaven. Above the framed is a spread eagle on a shield, and below the frames are a star and two crossed United States flags. Beneath the image is the inscription, "Republican Club HARLAND, VT."
Context
Likely owned by Harold G. Rugg of Hartland, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.25
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Lexicon
Ribbon, Political,Symbol, Political,Belief Symbols,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Woven Textile Details
Satin Weave
Materials
Silk
Promotional Button
Name/Title
Promotional Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.2
Description
Round button with multicolored fractal background and a black-and-white photograph of a man wearing glasses and a brimmed cap with the word "FRED" across the crown. The small white inscription, "SEE THE FILM MAN WITH A PLAN (802) 889-3474 - www.spreadfred.com", rings the bottom edge of the button.
Context
Made to advertise the film, "Man with a Plan," starring Fred Tuttle as a farmer whose retirement plan is to run for the US House of Representatives.
In real life, farmer Fred Tuttle ran for the U.S. Senate in 1998.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1996
Lexicon
Button, Promotional,Advertising Media,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Tuttle, Frederick Herman (1919-2003)
Vermont
Protest Sign
Name/Title
Protest Sign
Entry/Object ID
2021.9.3
Description
Protest sign on foam core. The sign has children's drawing in marker showing a person in an archway, a United States flag, a sun, a rainbow, two red figures, and a rainbow-striped worm. Printed letters cut from paper and applied to the front of the sign read, "GRANDMA AGAINST BIGOTRY".
Context
Carried by Virginia Munkelwitz of Burlington, Vermont, at the Women's March in Washington, DC.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.9
Acquisition Method
Found in Collection
Made or Created
Artist
Munkelwitz, Virginia
2016
Burlington
Lexicon
Sign, Picket,Placard,Advertising Media,Category 08: Communication Objects
Materials
Styrofoam, Paper, Ink
Relationships
Washington
Slide Whistle
Interpretative Labels
Slide Whistle, 1916-1922 Ludwig & Ludwig (1909-1929) Chicago, Illinois Metal Given in memory of Rinaldo Calcagni, #2010.27 Barre granite workers held strikes in 1915, 1922, 1933, and 1938. Rinaldo Calcagni (1872-1947), a granite cutter originally from Lombardi, Italy, blew this whistle at French-Canadian strike breakers during the 1922 Barre Granite strike. As in prior and later strikes, state authorities were called in to forcibly end the labor action. Like many of his coworkers, Rinaldo Calcagni died of silicosis, a disease of the lungs caused by the inhalation of granite dust.
Name/Title
Slide Whistle
Entry/Object ID
2010.27
Description
Chrome plated brass slide whistle. A wire is inserted into the whistle and attached on the inside to a cork. The outer end of the wire is bent back on itself then turned up into a circle.
Context
"Bozo" slide whistle used by Rinaldo Calcagni during the 1922 granite strike. He blew it at strike breakers when they broke the line.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2010.27
Source or Donor
Calcagni, Elizabeth G.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Rinaldo Calcagni
Made or Created
Ludwig & Ludwig (1909-1929)
1916-1922
Chicago
Lexicon
Whistle,Device, Sound Signaling,Sound Communication Devices,Sound Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Calcagni, Rinaldo (1872-1947)
Barre City
Yard Sign
Interpretative Labels
One of a series of signs made to voice opposition to the planned erection of a telecommunications tower by the Vermont Telephone Co. (VTEL) in Calais, VT. The creator, Scot Richards, says of the signs- "Let these signs attest that the 'little' guys can stand up 'big business' and win!"
Name/Title
Yard Sign
Entry/Object ID
2016.45.2
Description
Wooden (chipboard) sign that depicts a big yellow and gray tower with a "NO" icon superimposed on it. [Red circle with a diagonal line through it.] Pencil sketch lines remain. The sign is screwed to the stake.
Context
Used to protest the erection of a telecommunications tower by the Vermont Telephone Co. in Calais, VT, 2016.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2016.45
Source or Donor
Garfield, Marjorie B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Richards, Scot (b. 1961)
2016
Calais
Lexicon
Sign, Picket,Sign, Yard,Sign,Placard,Sign, Advertising,Visual Communication Devices,Visual Communication T&E,Advertising Media,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Vermont Telephone Company
Calais

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